(among others): The Eastern Question and the Ottoman Empire: The Genesis of the Near and Middle East in the Nineteenth Century, in: A. Amanat, M. Bonine (eds.), Where is the Middle East, Stanford 2010 [forthcoming]; Containing Sultanic Authority: Constitutionalism in the Ottoman Empire before Modernization, in: S. Hashmi, H. Chehabi (eds.), Islam and Constitutionalism, Cambridge, MA 2010 [forthcoming]; Imperial Ideology, Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, New York 2008; Constitutional Developments in the Ottoman Empire before the Westernization, in: Divan Disiplinlerarasý Çalýþmalar Dergisi, 13, 2008, pp. 1-30; Approaches to Pre-Tanzimat Political Thought in Ottoman Historiography, in: Türkiye Araþtýrmalarý Literatür Dergisi, 1/2, 2003, pp. 231-298.